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10. Morse Code

Morse Code.

10a Send and receive Morse Code

Note: This morse code test has been retained in the Foundation syllabus following the removal of the need for Morse code at WRC03

No further Morse testing is required and all licences, Foundation Intermediate and Full allow access to all frequencies, including HF shown in their respective schedules.

Demonstrate that he/she is able to send correctly by hand and the receiver correctly by ear, texts in morse code .

The text shall be in the form of a contact between two radio amateurs.

EG M2ABC DE M0XYZ Tx here is a kit


Between 20 and 30 characters shall be sent by the tutor. The character speed and spacing may be chosen by the candidate in discussion with the tutor.

Procedural characters shall not be used. Call signs shall be M (0, 2 or 5) plus 3 letters. The candidate is permitted access to a copy of the Morse code alphabet during the assessment.

The candidate may, if desired, write down the dots and dashes for subsequent transcription and may proceed one letter at a time.

The tutor may re-send characters wrongly recorded, or invite the candidate to re-check characters correctly written in Morse but wrongly transcribed. No residual errors are permitted.


The candidate shall send a pre-prepared text in the same form as for receiving.

The candidate is permitted to make such preparations as he / she wishes prior to sending, including writing the Morse code for each character to be sent. A copy of the Morse code alphabet shall be available to the candidate.

The tutor will indicate which characters, if any, were incorrectly sent and these shall be re-sent. This may be on a letter by letter basis or at the end of the text. No residual errors are permitted.

Whilst the need for Morse code to gain access to amateur bands below 30 MHz has been removed at WRC03 the morse practical assessment for the Foundation level remains.

No preparation needed !!

There are still some students who do not believe the there is no need for ANY preparation on behalf of the student.

So long as the student can hear the difference between a short tone and a long tone then the assessment is as good as passed.

Students are provided with a "crib" sheet which gives all the Morse code dot and dashes set against the letters.

The tutor will send the code at a speed which suits the student who may write down the dot and dashes on a check sheet of paper. The student is then given time to convert the dots and dashes into words. When reviewed by the tutor, if there are any errors then the tutor may re-send the letter or letters and the student corrects. Once the tutor is satisfied that the text is error free the student may move onto the next part.

The tutor will give the student a prepared text which the student may convert to dots and dashes. When ready, and after some tuition from the tutor, the student will key the letters to the tutor at what ever speed the student chooses. So long as the tutor can understand the morse code then a pass is achieved. If there are any errors in any letter they may be resent individually.


there is no preparation required on behalf of the student

No student has ever failed the morse assessment run by the BRATS and we do not intend to have students failing NOW!!

On a BRATS course we try to get the Practical Morse Assessment out of the way, usually as, the first task because unfortunately some students do worry about this part of the course - until they have done it and then the student usually agrees that it is straight forward.

The origin of some of the text on this page is from the RSGB with additions by the web master

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